The Roman civilization is one of the most fascinating empires in history. It spanned for more than two thousand years and at its peak controlled a territory that extended from Britain to North Africa and from Spain to the Middle East.
10 interesting facts about the Roman civilization
1. Rome was not built in a day, or even a century. The city has a long and complex history, dating back to 753BC when it was founded by its first king, Romulus. For the next few hundred years, Rome slowly grew in power and influence.
During this time, the city was ruled by a succession of monarchs and dictators and saw its fair share of wars and conflict. But through it all, Rome emerged as a rich and powerful city. By the late Roman Empire, it was the largest and most influential city in the world. And even today, Rome remains one of the most iconic cities on the planet.
2. During the peak of the Roman Empire, its territory included not only the entirety of Italy but also all the lands around the Mediterranean. In addition, much of Europe was under Roman rule, including England, Wales, and parts of Scotland. By AD 117, the Roman Empire was one of the largest empires in history. The facts about the Roman Empire are truly astounding.
The empire had a population of over 60 million people and covered 5 million square kilometers. With such a large territory and population, it’s no wonder that the Roman Empire was one of the most powerful empires of all time.
3. Roman legend has it that Romulus, the founder of Rome, had a twin brother called Remus. The story goes that the two were abandoned in the wild as infants, but were later found and raised by a she-wolf. As they grew older, Romulus and Remus began to quarrel over who should rule the city that they had built.
In the end, Romulus killed Remus and became the first ruler of Rome. Although the legend is probably not true, it does contain elements of fact. For instance, it is believed that the name “Rome” derives from “Romulus”, just as the name “Remus” may derive from “RAEM”, the Etruscan word for “brother”.
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4. The Roman army was one of the most formidable fighting forces in history. Thanks to their strong military, the Romans were capable to build a huge empire and conquer new territories. The Roman army could march up to 40km a day, and they were skilled in both hand-to-hand combat and using weapons.
The Roman army was also very disciplined, which helped them to be successful in battle. In addition, the Roman army was supported by a network of roads and fortifications, which made it easier for them to move around and defend their territory.
5. The Roman army was one of the most effective fighting forces in history. At the height of the empire, it is estimated that there were over half a million soldiers serving in the Roman army.
Legionaries, as they were known, were highly trained and disciplined. They first hurled their spear at the enemy, then fought him with their sword. To protect themselves, they carried a wooden shield and wore a metal helmets and armor. In addition to their military prowess, the Romans were also renowned for their engineering skills.
During the battle, they would often build elaborate fortifications, such as walls and ditches, to slow down the enemy’s advance. As a result, the Roman army was both feared and respected by its foes.
6. One of the most remarkable achievements of the Romans was their architectural and engineering feats. They were able to build massive structures like the Colosseum and the aqueducts, which are still standing today. They also developed new methods of construction, such as the arch and concrete, which have been used extensively in subsequent years.
7. The Romans were one of the first civilizations to bring clean water to their cities using aqueducts. The aqueducts were a system of channels and bridges that carried water from springs and rivers into the cities. This allowed the people to have clean water for drinking, bathing and watering their crops. The aqueducts also helped to prevent diseases by carrying away wastewater from the cities.
8. The facts about the Roman gods and goddesses who ruled over different areas of life are interesting. The Roman empire was primarily polytheistic, which meant that people recognized and worshiped multiple gods. However, the pantheon of Roman gods was not fixed; new divinities could be added as the empire expanded or customs changed. The most important temples were located in Rome, but each city also had its own sanctum for the local patron god.
The Romans believed that the gods and goddesses intervened in human affairs and that it was important to placate them with offerings and prayers. Festivals were held throughout the year to honor various gods, and elaborate temple rituals were conducted by priests on a daily basis.
By understanding the role that gods and goddesses played in Roman society, we can gain valuable insights into the culture of one of history’s most powerful empires.
9. The Colosseum is one of the most famous buildings left by the Ancient Romans. It is a large amphitheater in the center of the city of Rome, Italy. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72 and was completed in AD 80. The Colosseum could hold between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators at any one time. It was used for Roman gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.
The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. In later centuries it was reused for purposes such as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine. Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome.
10. The tunic was the most common article of clothing worn by men and women in the Roman Empire. Tunics were generally made of linen, and women’s tunics often reached the ground while men fell to their knees. Tunics could be dyed a variety of colors, and both men and women often wore them with a belt at the waist.
While tunics were the basic garment worn by most people in Rome, those of higher status often had tunics made of more expensive materials such as silk. The color and fabric of a person’s tunic could also indicate their social status; for example, senators were required to wear a toga, which was a white woolen garment.
In general, the richer a person was, the more elaborate their clothing would be. Thus, the tunic was not only the most common article of clothing in Rome but also an important marker of social status.
These are just some of the facts about the Roman civilization that you may not have known. From their impressive engineering feats to their everyday clothing, the Romans were a complex and fascinating people. By understanding more about their culture, we can gain a greater appreciation for this great empire.