Food from china is some of the most delicious food in the world and it’s a great way to experience the country’s culture and history. There are many different dishes that make up the traditional cuisine, and each one has a unique story behind it.
Chinese cuisine originated in the regions of China and has since spread to other parts of the world. It is known for its use of fresh ingredients, as well as its unique flavor combinations. Common dishes that make up the cuisine include dumplings, noodles, rice, and soup.
There are a number of common ingredients used in traditional Chinese cuisine, including rice, noodles, soy sauce, ginger, garlic, and green onions. Other common ingredients include pork, chicken, beef, and fish.
The eight culinary cuisines of China
There are eight major culinary cuisines in China: Cantonese, Sichuan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Hunan, Anhui, and Shandong. Each cuisine has its own unique flavors and ingredients that make up the dishes.
Anhui (Hui): Anhui cuisine is one of the lesser-known styles of Chinese cuisine, but it is no less delicious. The province of Anhui is located in eastern China and its capital is Hefei. The dishes from this region are known for their use of fresh ingredients and simple flavors. One of the most popular Anhui dishes is steamed pork with bamboo shoots.
Cantonese (Yue): Cantonese cuisine is perhaps the best known of all the Chinese cuisines. Cantonese food is characterized by its use of fresh ingredients and mild flavors. The province of Guangdong, where Cantonese cuisine originates, is located in southern China. One of the most popular Cantonese dishes is dim sum.
Fujian (Min): The cuisine in Fujian Province, China, is based on the region’s coastal location and mountainous terrain. Mushrooms from woodlands, bamboo shoots, fish, shellfish, and turtles are all utilized frequently. The cuisine here is noted for its strong umami flavor; the meals are often light and delicious.
Hunan (Xiang): Hunan province is located in central China and its capital is Changsha. The cuisine from this region is known for its use of chili peppers and other spicy ingredients. One of the most popular Hunan dishes is Xianggang-style stir-fried noodles.
Jiangsu (Su): Jiangsu province is located in eastern China and its capital is Nanjing. Jiangsu cuisine is a style of Chinese cooking that includes Huaiyin, Yangzhou, Nanjing, Suzhou, and Zhenjiang. Jiangsu cuisine food is characterized as soft but not to the point of falling apart: the meat tastes juicy but doesn’t break away from the bone when sliced.
Shandong (Lu): Shandong cuisine is one of the most renowned Chinese culinary traditions. Shandong cuisine, which is derived from the native cooking techniques of Shandong, China’s northern coastal province, features two primary varieties: Jiaodong, characterized by light seafood dishes; and Jinan, a style that utilizes soup in its meals. Despite being less accessible in the West, Shandong cuisine is frequently regarded as one of China’s most important culinary traditions.
Szechuan (Chuan): The cuisine of Szechuan, known for its use of strong flavors such as chili, garlic, and Szechuan pepper, is regarded as one of the most exciting in China. The flavor of szchuan pepper is unique: it is incredibly fragrant with a citrusy note and causes a tingling sensation in the mouth. Food from the Szechuan region that has been pickled, salted, or dried is frequently eaten.
Zhejiang (Hui): Zhejiang is a province in eastern China. Hangzhou, the capital, is located in Zhejiang province. Zhejiang cuisine is well-known for its use of freshwater fish and delicate tastes. Braised sea cucumber with mushrooms is one of the most popular dishes in this region.
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Some traditional food from China
Peking Roasted Duck 北京烤鸭
Originating from Beijing, Peking roast duck is a must-try for any visitor to the city. The dish is made by roasting a whole duck over an open fire, and then slicing it into thin pieces. The skin is usually served with pancakes, scallions, and a sweet and sour sauce.
Dim Sum 点心
Dim sum is a type of Chinese cuisine that originated in the Canton region. It typically consists of small, bite-sized dishes that are served with tea. Common dishes include dumplings, buns, and pastries.
In the morning or during lunch, the people of Guangdong enjoy drinking tea. As a result, they frequently have dim sum for breakfast and lunch during their tea parties. It is a popular method to get together with friends and family at home or organize social gatherings.
Chow Mein 炒面
Chow mein is a popular dish made with stir-fried noodles and vegetables. It can be made with either beef, chicken, shrimp, or pork. The dish is often served with soy sauce and chili pepper.
The history of chow mein is an intriguing one. According to legend, Shan Gu, a Jiangsu woman, invented the dish while feeding workers who were constructing a colossal dam to keep the Yellow River from flooding. She discovered that food spoiled quickly and easily in the hot weather. As a result, she developed chow mein, which may be kept for longer periods and is simply reheated and eaten. Stir-frying has since become a common method of preparing noodles.
Wonton Soup 馄饨汤
Wonton soup is a popular Chinese dish that consists of wontons (dumplings) in a broth. It can be made with either chicken or pork, and the fillings may include shrimp, vegetables, and mushrooms.
The history of wonton soup dates back to the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD). At that time, there was a physician named Zhang Zhongjing who used to treat the poor and needy. He would make a soup with boiled mutton, chili peppers, and leeks to help them recover from their illnesses. This soup eventually became known as wonton soup.
Egg Rolls 蛋卷
Egg rolls are a type of Chinese cuisine that consists of a rolled-up pancake filled with eggs, vegetables, and meat. They are typically served with soy sauce or hoisin sauce.
The origins of egg rolls are unclear, but they are believed to have originated in the Jiangnan region of China during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It is said that a man named Chen Xuanzhang invented the dish when he was trying to make a rolled pancake that could be easily transported. He eventually came up with the idea of using an egg to bind the ingredients together, and thus the egg roll was born.
Kung Pao Chicken 宫保鸡丁
Kung Pao chicken is a popular dish in Chinese cuisine originating from the Sichuan province. The dish is typically made with diced chicken, peanuts, and vegetables stir-fried in a spicy sauce. Kung Pao chicken is often considered a classic example of Sichuan cuisine.
Fried Rice 炒饭
Fried rice is a dish of cooked rice that has been stir-fried in a wok or frying pan and is typically mixed with other ingredients such as eggs, vegetables, and meat. It is often considered a quick and easy dish to make and is popular in many Chinese households.
Sweet and Sour Pork 糖醋里脊
Sweet and sour pork is a popular dish in Chinese cuisine typically made with pork tenderloin that is first marinated in a mixture of soy sauce, sugar, and rice vinegar. The pork is then dredged in cornstarch and fried until crispy. A sweet and sour sauce is then added to the dish which usually consists of sugar, ketchup, and vinegar.
Hot Pot 火锅
Hot pot is popular from China that is typically made with a metal pot of boiling broth placed in the center of a table. The broth is usually flavored with spices and vegetables, and the diners can choose to add their own meats, seafood, and vegetables to cook in the broth. Hot pot is often considered a communal dish as it is typically shared among multiple people.
Dumplings are a type of Chinese food that consists of a small piece of dough wrapped around a filling of meat and vegetables. Dumplings are typically boiled or steamed and are often served with a dipping sauce.
Dumplings are a popular dish in China on New Year’s Eve. As they resemble ancient Chinese silver ingots, it is thought that the more dumplings you eat during the New Year celebrations, the more money you will earn in the New Year. Dumpling-making is an excellent way to connect with your friends and relatives.
Ma Po Tofu 麻婆豆腐
A popular dish in Chinese cuisine, Ma Po Tofu is a dish of tofu in a spicy sauce. The tofu is usually simmered in a mixture of douchi (fermented black beans), soy sauce, chili pepper, and sometimes other ingredients such as pork or beef. Ma Po Tofu is a common home-cooked dish in China and is also served in many restaurants.
The inventor of Ma Po tofu was a grandma from Chengdu, Sichuan province named Chen. In Chinese, ma means “pockmarked” and po means “grandma,” so people referred to the dish she cooked as Ma Po (or ‘Pockmarked Granny’) tofu because it was spicy and fragrant. Her fiery and aromatic cuisine later grew quite popular in China. It became well-known in Japan, where it became a common food. Read more about how to prepare Ma Po Tofu on this page.
Char Siu 叉烧
Char siu is a popular dish in Cantonese cuisine typically made with pork that has been marinated in a mixture of soy sauce, honey, Five-spice powder, and other seasonings. The pork is then roasted or grilled until it is crispy on the outside and juicy on the inside. Char siu is often served with rice or noodles. Char siu is definitely one of the best traditional food from China.
Twice-Cooked Pork Slices 回锅肉
Twice-cooked pork is a popular dish in Sichuan cuisine that is typically made with pork belly that has been simmered in water until tender. The pork is then stir-fried with vegetables and spices. This dish gets its name from the fact that the pork is cooked twice, once in water and once in a wok.
Beef and Broccoli 西兰花牛肉
A popular dish in Chinese-American cuisine, beef and broccoli is typically made with beef that has been stir-fried with broccoli and a savory sauce. The dish is often served over rice or noodles.
Sichuan Pork 水煮肉片
Sichuan pork is a dish from the Sichuan province of China that is commonly made with pork that has been simmered in a mixture of soy sauce, chili pepper, and Sichuan peppercorn. The dish is often served over rice or noodles.
A xiaolongbao is a type of Chinese steamed bun from the Jiangnan region of China. It is traditionally made with pork, but there are now many variations that include other fillings like beef, lamb, chicken, shrimp, vegetables, and even dessert fillings.
The dough for a xiaolongbao is made with flour, water, and a leavening agent. The filling is usually seasoned with ginger, green onion, soy sauce, and rice wine. The buns are then steamed in small bamboo baskets until they are cooked through.
Xiaolongbao is often served in dim sum restaurants as part of a meal, or it can be bought from street vendors. They are typically eaten with chopsticks, and the soup inside the bun is sipped before eating the rest of the bun.
Zhajiangmian is a type of Chinese noodle dish that originates from Beijing. It is made with wheat noodles, a meat-based sauce, and vegetables. The sauce is usually made with pork, but beef or chicken can also be used.
The sauce for zhajiangmian is typically made by stir-frying ground meat, ginger, garlic, and green onion with a variety of sauces and spices. The noodles are cooked in boiling water and then tossed with the sauce. Zhajiangmian is often served as a main dish or as a side dish.
Wonton Soup 馄炖
Wonton soup is a type of Chinese soup that is made with wontons, a type of Chinese dumpling. The soup is usually made with pork or chicken broth, and the wontons are filled with a variety of fillings, including meat, vegetables, and even dessert fillings.
The dough for wontons is made with flour, water, and salt. The fillings are usually seasoned with ginger, green onion, soy sauce, and rice wine.
Wonton soup is typically served as a main dish or as a side dish. It can be eaten plain or with a variety of toppings, such as green onions, chili peppers, and soy sauce.
There is no doubt that Chinese food is delicious! From stir-fries to noodle dishes to dumplings, there is a wide variety of tasty foods to choose from. And the best part about Chinese cuisine is that it can be made to suit any taste – whether you like your food spicy, sweet, sour, or savory. So why not give some of these popular dishes a try? You might just find your new favorite meal!
Source: china high lights